Brompton 1 - A Roman Marching Camp Nw Of Brompton Mill
- HER Number (PRN): 01211
- Site Name : Brompton 1 - A Roman Marching Camp Nw Of Brompton Mill
- Protected Status:
Grade: Ref No.: 1006247 Title: Three Roman camps NW of Brompton Mill including tumulus and section of Offa's Dyke Type: Scheduled Monument
- Civil Parish:
- Grid Reference: SO 2497 9343
- Related Monuments:
- Brief Description: Scheduled Monument: One of two relatively undisturbed Roman marching camps (temporary fortified encampments) which have been identified from aerial photographs of the area to the north east of the Roman fort at Pentreheyling (PRN 01214).
- Description: West, N and East sides of a single ditched marching camp. 1150ft of complete N side and 1075 ft of W side known. At least 30 acres. Offas Dyke(PRN 01000) crosses the site. One of three overlapping camps (Bropmton 1, 2 and 3) identified by aerial photography in 1969. <7><8><9>
BUFAU's 1989 Trench 1 was positioned to examine the junction of the western ditch of this marching camp with the double ditched linear cropmark feature PRN 04318, thought to represent a road running east from Pentreheyling fort. (PRN 01214). The western ditch of the marching camp was found to be 0.80m deep and 1.8m wide, with a shallow v profile. It had fills of orange clayey soil with some evidence for silting in the bottom. It was cut by a substantial ditch-the northern edge of PRN 04318, the possible road. Trench 7 failed to locate the intersection of PRN 04318 and the western ditch of this marching camp. Trenches 3 & 4, in the interior of both marching camps, produced only an ill defined feature, possibly a tree hole, and a recent water-pipe trench. <10>
The 1989 evaluation was followed up by excavation of selected areas in 1990. A N/S ditch, F310, roughly V shaped in profile and 0.50m deep below modern topsoil appeared to correlate with the plotted features of PRN 01211. The ditches of the road (PRN 04318) associated with the fort (SA 01214) cut F310. <11>
Evaluated for MPP in 1990-1, Medium score as one of 21 Roman Camps. <15>
In the early 1990s the evidence for the Brompton 1, 2 and 3 Roman Marching Camps (PRNs 1211, 1212 and 1213) was reviewed by the RCHME as part of a project on all Roman Camps in England. They concluded that there was only evidence for two overlapping marching camps The N angles of Bropmton 1 , the larger camp, are obtuse whereas those for Brompton 2 (PRN 01212) are rectangular. No cropmarks have been recorded for most of their E and S sides. On topographical grounds, the S sides, which may have coincided, are unlikely to have been more than about 5 m to 10 m to the S of the modern A489 road. On this basis, the dimensions of Bropmton 1 may have been in the region of 375m to 400m from E to W by about 390m transversely and the area enclosed is unlikely to have exceeded about 15.5 ha (38 acres).
No gates can be identified positively, although the almost central gap in the N ditch of camp 1, immediately W of Offa's Dyke, may be one.
A noteworthy feature in the NW quadrant of Brompton 1 is the large barrow, known locally as The Rossett (PRN 01210). If, as is likely, the barrow predates the camp, its presence will have interfered with the standard arrangements of the internal layout of the camp.
It has been suggested that another camp existed , Bropmton 3. (PRN 01213) [<8>]. This suggestion is based on the cropmarks of a ditch that ran from E to W across the N third of Bropmton 1, with an interruption and change of direction at the barrow; no diagnostic features have been recorded and, as yet, there is no evidence to suggest that this ditch belonged to a camp. <16>
Photographed during aerial photographic survey in 2011. <17><18>
The ditches of the camp have been mapped from aerial photographs by RCHME's Marches Uplands Mapping Project. The eastern side is recorded as SO 29 SE 34 (MU 357.7.1). Additional linear ditches, very small circular features and pits are visible within the camp, and appear to be associated with it. <19>
The dimensions of the camp are recorded as at least 330m N-S; its northern side is visible for 375m.<20>
In September 2009, ARCUS were commissioned by Severn Trent Water Ltd. to undertake an archaeological watching brief on a site at Blue Bell valve, Shropshire (NGR 324985 293250). The scope of works consisted of two small trial holes to assess existing services at the site. No archaeological remains were uncovered. <21>
In December 2009, a further watching brief was undertaken at Blue Bell valve. A short length of trenching was observed. Again, no archaeological features were recorded. <22>
A watching brief was undertaken on improvements to water services at Brompton Hall, which crossed the site of Brompton 1. No archaeological finds or features were identified, despite crossing through the interior of the camp. <23>
Full report on the CMARG and BUFAU excavations at Pentrehyling in 1977-1998. The BUFAU excavations, including the evaluation and excavation in 1989-1990 (ESA952; ESA953) investigated the western side of this camp (see <10><11>). A secondary ditch was recorded slicing into the east side of the camp ditch. An adjacent, parallel, linear ditch-like feature lay a little to the east. These ditches were cut by the later Roman roadside ditch leading from the east gate of the fort. <24>
Photographed during aerial survey in 2017. <25>
Photographed from the air in 2010 (author unidentified). <26>
- Record Type: Monument
(00) Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01211. (01) Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1974. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO29SW7. Ordnance Survey record cards. SO29SW7. (02) Oblique aerial photograph: Baker W A. 1970-Jul-17. WAB 225_31. Black and white. (03) Oblique aerial photograph: Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP). 1973-Jun-18. CUCAP BNK68 to BNK69 (2 Photos). Black and white. (03) Oblique aerial photograph: Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP). 1973-Jun-18. CUCAP BNK51 to BNK56 (6 Photos). Black and white. (03) Oblique aerial photograph: Cambridge University Collection of Air Photos (CUCAP). 1975-Jul-12. CUCAP BUG83 to BUG89 (5 Photos). Black and white. (04) Aerial photograph transcription: Whimster Rowan. 1982. AP Plot for Plot Sheet SO2493 Mapping unit SO247935. Plot Sheet SO2493 Mapping unit SO247935. 1:10560. (05) Aerial photograph transcription: Whimster Rowan. 1982. AP Plot for Plot Sheet SO2593 Mapping unit SO253932. Plot Sheet SO2593 Mapping unit SO253932. 1:10560. (06) Field Monument Warden Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission (HBMC). 1986. Scheduled Monument Report on SAM 20095. (07) Article in serial: St Joseph J K S. 1969. Air Reconnaisance in Britain. J Roman Stud. Vol 59. p119. (08) Article in serial: St Joseph J K S. 1973. Air Reconnaissance in Britain, 1969-72. J Roman Stud. Vol 63. p235, Fig 19. (09) Manuscript: Toms G S G. 1976. Roman Military Sites in Shropshire. No 20. (10) Excavation report: Cane J & Allen J H. 1989. The Archaeological Evaluation of a Cropmark Complex at Brompton, Shropshire. BUFAU Rep. 91. (11) Excavation report: Jones A E et al. 1991. Brompton, Shropshire: Excavations 1990. Site narratives and post-excavation research design. BUFAU Rep. 155. p4. (12) Scheduled Monument notification: English Heritage. 1988. Map of Scheduled area, 1988. (13) Correspondence: Various. 1988/ 1989. Correspondence, 1988-1989. (14) Correspondence: English Heritage. 1988. Correspondence, 1988. (15) TEXT: Horton Wendy B. 1990/ 1991. MPP Evaluation File. (16) Monograph: Welfare H & Swan V. 1995. Roman Camps in England: the Field Archaeology. (17) Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2011-May-3. SA1101_007 to SA1101_023 (17 photos) Flight: 11_SA_01. Colour. Digital. (18) Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2011-Jun-15. SA1102_022 to SA1102_024 (3 photos) Flight: 11_SA_02. Colour. Digital. (19) Database file: National Monuments Record (NMR). 1993/ 1994. Marches Uplands Mapping Project (MUMP) MORPH records (2006 version). Marches Uplands Survey. MU.357.7.1. (20) Field survey report: Stoertz C. 2004. The Marches Uplands Mapping Project: a report for the National Mapping Programme. English Heritage Rep. AER/1/2004. p.42. (21) Watching brief report: Hartwell M. 2009. Blue Bell Valve, Shropshire: archaeological watching brief. ARCUS Rep. 1205.1. (22) Watching brief report: Wessex Archaeology. 2010. Blue Bell Valve, Chirbury with Brompton, Shropshire (SA308): archaeological watching brief report. Wessex Archaeology Rep. 73110.01. (23) Watching brief report: Tuck A & Corbett G. 2011. Brompton Hall, Chirbury, Shropshire, Scheduled Monument No. 308 and 19210: Archaeological Watching Brief. Wessex Archaeology Rep. 78690.02. (24) Article in serial: Allen J, Cane J and Jones A. 2013/5. Pentrehyling Fort and Brompton Camps, Shropshire: excavations 1977-98. Trans Shropshire Archaeol Hist Soc. Vol 88. pp.1-151. p.8. (25) Oblique aerial photograph: Shropshire Council. 2017-Jul-12. SA1701-021 to SA1701-029 (9 photos) Flight: 17_SA_01. Colour. Digital. (26) Oblique aerial photograph: Unknown. 2010. PWB-2010-08-A to H (8 Photos). Colour/ Black and white. Digital.
- Related Places:
- For more information contact: Shropshire Council HER
- Date Created: 05/06/1978
- Date Last Edited: 07/09/2018 16:20:17