Earthwork Mounds On Middleton Hill
- HER Number (PRN): 01868
- Site Name : Earthwork Mounds On Middleton Hill
- Civil Parish:
- Grid Reference: SO 3029 9877
- Brief Description: Six possible pillow mounds of probable medieval to post medieval date, with two circular mounds which are possibly round barrows of Bronze Age date, and a further circular mound, doubtfully a pillow mound, situated upon a bracken covered south and west facing slopes of Middleton Hill.
- Description: Group of 8 mounds, 3 circular, 3 oval and 1 oblong and one in the form of a gree cross. (Nine mounds depicted on OS 6in. The additional one is oval, at SO 3014 9879. ) <1a>
Cross shaped mound was recut in 1887, two turfs were cut from the ditch alongside and banked up on the mound <1b>
Pillow mounds and a cross, the former of various shapes and sizes <1c>
Four rectangular, one cruciform, one round, two circular mounds which are possibly round barrows, and one circular mound, doubtfully a pillow mound, situated upon a bracken covered south and west facing slopes of Middleton Hill.
(A) SO3012 9879. Rectangular pillow mound cut through midway by footpath, 26m long, 7m wide, 50cm high, with ditch around, except at lower SW end. 30cm max depth.
(B) SO3016 9881. Rectangular pillow mound, foreshortened at southern end by footpath. 15m long, 6m wide, 80cm high, ditched except S end, 20cm max depth.
(C ) SO3037 9874. Rectangular pillow mound, lying along steep S slopes, 13m long, 7m wide, 50cm high, ditch around N side and ends, max 40cm deep.
(D) SO3044 9879 Rectangular pillow mound, lying up steep S slopes, 25m long, 6.5m wide, 60cm high, ditch, except lower S end, 30cm deep.
(E) SO3023 9874. Cross shaped pillow mound upon gentle W slopes, the NE arm 20m long, 6m wide, 50cm high; the SE arm, 20m long, 6m wide, 30cm high; the SW arm 24m long, 6m wide, 60 cm high; the NW arm, 24m long, 6m wide, 80cm high. Enclosed with a ditch up to 30cm deep, except on the lower NW end of the NW arm.
(F) SO3047 9878. Round pillow mound at foot of S slopes, 14m diameter, 40cm high, surrounding ditch 20cm deep.
(G) SO3009 9879. Circular earthen mound, 12m diameter, 90cm high, no traces of a ditch, possibly a round barrow, ridge top situation.
(H) SO3014 9882. Roughly circular earthen mound, 10m diameter E/W by 7m transversely, 60cm high, no traces of a ditch, the W end mutilated and an area of disturbed ground beyond, possibly the E end and remains of a rectangular pillow mound.
(J) SO3019 9881. Circular earthen mound, 8m diameter, 90cm high, no traces of a ditch, possibly a round barrow, ridge top situation. OS FI 1973 <1>
Only (E) and (J) could be located due to bracken cover. AT FI 1978 <2>
Photographed by Chris Musson from the air in 1988-1989. <3>-<5>
This group of mounds is visible on LiDAR data collected and processed during the Stiperstones and Corndon LPS "Open Hills, Old Ways & Commons" project, in 2014. The cross-shaped mound, a clear pillow mound, is particularly sharply defined in the dataset. <6>
A plan at 1:200 was made of the central cross-shaped pillow mound by Sir Flinders Petrie in 1928. A copy was forwarded to the HER in 2016 by Bob Sylvester. Outline plan only, with some notes, largely illegible. <7>
A group of pillow mounds is distributed across the south-facing slope of Middleton Hill. There are nine confirmed mounds in all, varying in plan (three circular, five oval or subrectnagular, and one cross-shaped. Additionally, there is a small circular mound on the edge of the enclosed land immediately to the north, which may be a much degraded example. This mound underlies the intake boundary at the Rowls. <8><8a>
- Record Type: Monument
(00) Card index: Shropshire County Council SMR. Site and Monuments Record (SMR) cards. SMR record cards. SMR Card for PRN SA 01868. (01) Card index: Ordnance Survey. 1973. Ordnance Survey Record Card SO39NW1. Ordnance Survey record cards. SO39NW1. (01a) Volume: Victoria County History. 1908. Victoria County History 1. Victoria County History of Shropshire. Vol 1. p409 with plan. (01b) Map annotation: Chitty Lily F. 1949. Map annotation by OS Correspondent. (01c) Map annotation: Grimes W F. Map annotation. (02) Field recording form: Tyler Alan W. 1978-Aug-26. Site Visit Form, 26/08/1978. SMR site visit form. (03) Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1989-Mar-17. CPAT 89/MB/0288. Black and White. Medium. (04) Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1989-Mar-17. CPAT 89/MB/0378. Black and White. Medium. (05) Oblique aerial photograph: Musson Chris R. 1988-Oct-30. CPAT 88/MB/0511 to 0512 and 0518 (3 photos). Black and White. Medium. (06) Geospatial data: Environment Agency. 2014. LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) Hillshade Model (Stiperstones and Corndon LPS). Stiperstones and Corndon LPS. (07) Drawing: Petrie Flinders. 1928. Sketch plan of pillow mound, Chirbury. (08) Field survey report: Dinn James. 1996. Marches Uplands Survey: Long Mynd Transect. Hereford & Worcester CAS Rep. 137. p.17. (08a) Geospatial data: Marches Uplands Survey. 1994. Marches Uplands Survey Fieldwork Records. Marches Uplands Survey. ArcView. MUS 40102; MUS 40087.
- Related Places:
- For more information contact: Shropshire Council HER
- Date Created: 17/11/1977
- Date Last Edited: 13/10/2017 16:13:45