POWIS ESTATE RECORDS
- System Reference: X552
- Level: Collection
- Date: 1328-1930
- Description: The collection consists mainly of manorial records, title deeds and estate management records, with small amounts of household and official papers, personal correspondence and records of the Earls' of Powis' political activities. In addition there are some church and parish records and charity papers.
- Admin History: The collection is the creation of Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey (1725-1774) 'Clive of India'. On his return from India to his native county, he used his new wealth to purchase three large Shropshire estates - the Montford estate north-west of Shrewsbury, Oakly Park near Ludlow and the fine agricultural, timber and sporting estate of Walcot near Lydbury North, to add to his ancestral estate of Styche near Market Drayton. Clive's political ambitions led him and his family to dominate the boroughs of Bishop's Castle and Ludlow. He built impressive stately homes at Walcot House and Oakly Park where he entertained lavishly and which he filled with his Indian treasures. On his death in 1774 he was one of the wealthiest landowners in the county. Clive's son Edward became Earl of Powis by marriage to the Herbert family heiress and inherited her extensive Welsh possessions to add to the 'Clive' estates. Later earls lived in Powis Castle in Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, but their Shropshire mansions were lived in by various younger family members and the Shropshire estate was managed very efficiently from the Walcot Estate office at Lydbury North. The estate extended to over 26,000 acres in 1886, including all of the south-western corner of the county. The records show in great detail the various aspects of running a major estate - land management, relations with employees; management of timber, mining and brickmaking, building estate houses an farm buildings, improving land by drainage and fencing. The Shropshire estate was sold in 1929-1933, after the deaths of successive heirs to the estate in both world wars, and the family concentrated on their Montgomeryshire holdings.
- Extent: 8.50
- Related Material: Salt collection -D3651/B/1 and B/1A.
See also the National Library of Wales.
- Access Status: Readers Ticket
- For more information contact: Shropshire Archives
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